The Passion Ramakrishna
Music Composed by Philip Glass
Carl St.Clair, Music Director
Pacific Symphony
John Alexander, Artistic Director, Pacific Chorale


Orange Mountain Music OMM0080
UPC 801837008029


1. Prologue
2. Part 1: The Master’s Visions
3. Part 2: Sarada Devi
4. Part 3: The Master’s Illness
5. Part 4: The Mahasamadhi of the Master
6. Epilogue
7. Meetings Along the Edge (Glass/Shankar- iTunes Only Track)


Janice Chandler-Eteme, Sarada Devi
Christopheren Nomura, “M”
Kevin Deas, Dr. Sarkar
I-Chin Feinblatt, First Devotee
Nicolas Preston, Second Devotee
Carl St.Clair, Music Director
Pacific Symphony
John Alexander, Artistic Director, Pacific Chorale

Note from Composer

Sri Ramakrishna was born on February 18, 1836 in Kamarpukur, a village in rural Bengal. As a young man he took up service in the temple dedicated to Kali, The Divine Mother, at Dakshineswar, a village about ten miles north of Calcutta in those years. There he remained for the rest of his life, dying in the early hours of Monday, August 16, 1886. The Kali temple at Dakshineswar is still there today, but is now surrounded by an ever-expanding and bustling Calcutta. By coincidence, it stands not far from the place established for the work and residence of the late Mother Teresa. Ramakrishna�s home remains there, still embodying his spirit and worth a visit by anyone interested in knowing about his life and work.

As a young man, he was largely self- taught, having absorbed knowledge of the ancient tradition of India through reading and hearing the religious stories in the Puranas as well as his association with the holy men, pilgrims and wandering monks who would stop at Kamarpukur on their way to Puri and other holy places. In time he became famous throughout India for his ability to expound and elucidate the most subtle aspects of that profound and vast tradition. It was not uncommon in the years of his maturity for pundits from all over India to come and “testï” his knowledge. Invariably, they were astonished by the ease and eloquence with which he addressed their questions. It appeared that his first- hand spiritual experiences were more than adequate when it came to explaining the scriptures of ancient India. In this way he was able to remove all doubt about their meaning and, indeed, his own authority.

By the late nineteenth century India had been governed for almost four hundred years by two of the great world empires � the Mughals and the British. Each had fostered a foreign religion and culture in India which, in time, had been absorbed into Indian civilization. The genius of Ramakrishna was to restore and reaffirm the ancient Hindu culture from its spiritual source.

It would be hard to overestimate the impact that the life, presence and teaching of Sri Ramakrishna had on the formation of the modern India we know today. It was as if the sleeping giant of Indian culture and spirituality – certainly one of the foremost cultures of the ancient world � had been re-awakened and empowered to take its rightful place in modern times. Within a generation of his death, Gandhi�s �quit India� movement was in full bloom. The poetry of Tagore as well as countless manifestations in theater, music, philosophy and civil discourse were becoming known to the world at large. Over one hundred years ago SwamiVivekananda (the Narendra of our text) traveled to the West to take part in the first Parliament of the World�s Religions in Chicago in 1893. He established in America the first Vedanta Centers, which have spread throughout the world, with major centers in Southern California. Even today the influence of India (and ultimately, of Ramakrishna) can be heard in the poetry and music of Allen Ginsburg and the Beatles, to mention only a few artists. It is hard to imagine the emergence of India on the world stage without the spark that was provided by Ramakrishna�s brilliance. Perhaps, some may doubt that India � the most populous democracy of our time, brimming with vitality and creativity � could owe so much to one saintly man, long gone, who lived a life of such utter simplicity. Yet I believe that is exactly the case.

It has been said that when a great man dies, it is as if all of humanity � and the whole world, for that matter � were witnessing a beautiful, timeless sunset. At that moment �the great matter of life and death� is revealed, if not explained and understood. By bearing witness to that event, perhaps we understand a little better our own mortality, its limits and possibilities. The Passion of Ramakrishna is meant to recount, in this highly abbreviated work, his suffering, death and transfiguration as they took place during the last few months of his life. In this work, the words of Ramakrishna are taken up by the Chorus. Sarada Devi was his wife and lifelong companion. M. (his real name was Mahendranath Gupta) was the disciple who kept a close record of his meetings with Ramakrishna, later published as The Gospel of Sri Ramakrishna. Dr. Sarkar was his attending physician. The two disciples who sing small solo parts are unidentified in the text.


3 flutes, 3 oboes, 3 clarinets, 3 bassoons, 4 horns, 3 trumpets, 3 trombones, tuba, timpani, percussion, harp, piano, strings, soprano, baritone and bass-baritone soloists, and chorus. Performance time: 45 minutes


Produced by Richard Gu�rin and Don Christensen
Engineered by Ted Ancona
Edited by Michael Riesman and Carl St. Clair
Mastered by Michael Riesman
For the Pacific Symphony:
Eileen Jeanette – Vice President of Artistic and Orchestra Operations
Brandon Rueda – Director of Orchestra Operations

OMM extends special thanks to Garry Roemer and to the Vendata Society of St. Louis for the use of the illustration of Ramakrishna

Portrait Painting by Frank Dvorak
Mandala painting by Paul Huessenstamm
Photo of the Pacific Symphony and the Pacific Chorale by Stan Sholik

Text is taken from the The Gospel of Sri Ramakrishna as translated into English by Swami Nikhilananda and published by the Ramakrishna-Vivekananda Center of New York.

© 1942 Swami Nihilananda, 10th Printing 2007.

Text edited and compiled by Kusumita Pederson

Executive Producers:
Philip Glass, Kurt Munkacsi, and Don Christensen



Passion of Ramakrishna